Big Brother Watch and Others v. the United Kingdom (no. 58170/13)Bureau of Investigative Journalism and Alice Ross v. the United Kingdom (no. 62322/14)10 Human Rights Organisations and Others v. the United Kingdom (no.24960/15)
Applications communicated to the UK Government on 9 January 2014, 5 January 2015 and 24 November 2015, respectively
The complaints in these three cases were triggered by the leak of information by Edward Snowden about the electronic surveillance programmes used by the United States of America and the United Kingdom to intercept communications in bulk, and the sharing of intercepted communications and communications data between the two States. The applicants in all three cases believe that, because of the sensitive nature of their activities, their communications may have been intercepted by either the United Kingdom or the United States’ intelligence services.
The Court gave notice of the first application to the UK Government on 9 January 2014 and put questions to the parties under Article 8 (right to respect for private life and correspondence) of the Convention. It gave notice of the second application to the UK Government on 5 January 2015 and put questions to the parties under Articles 8 and 10 (freedom of expression) of the Convention. The third application was communicated to the UK Government on 24 November 2015 and the Court put questions put the parties under Articles 8, 10, 6 (right to a fair trial), 14 (prohibition of discrimination) and 34 (right of individual application) of the Convention.