General Assembly designates friendship day and grants EU higher participation status
The General Assembly today voted to upgrade the status of the European Union’s (EU) participation at the United Nations 192-member body, and to designate 30 July as International Day of Friendship in an effort to strengthen amity between peoples and cultures.
The General Assembly resolution on the participation of the EU in the work of the UN was adopted by 180 UN Member States and will allow senior EU representatives to present to the Assembly the common positions of the European bloc. Syria and Zimbabwe abstained and 10 countries did not vote.
It also gives EU representatives the right to make interventions during sessions; be invited to participate in the general debate of the General Assembly; and permits EU communications relating to the sessions and work of the Assembly to be circulated directly as documents of the Assembly.
Under the resolution, EU representatives will also be permitted to present proposals and amendments agreed to by EU member States, but not to challenge decisions of the Assembly’s presiding officer.
EU representatives will also be allowed to exercise the right of reply regarding positions of the EU. The European bloc’s representatives shall be ensured seating among the observers, but they will not have the have the right to vote or to put forward candidates.
Zimbabwe introduced an oral amendment that would have denied the EU the right of reply to statements made by UN Member States, but the proposal was defeated with only six votes in favour and 142 against. Twenty other countries abstained.
The resolution creating the International Day of Friendship was adopted unanimously in recognition of the fact that friendship can contribute to the efforts of the international community to promote dialogue among civilizations, solidarity, mutual understanding and reconciliation.
The resolution invites all UN Member States, organizations of the UN system and other international and regional organizations, as well as civil society, to observe the International Day of Friendship in accordance with the culture and other appropriate circumstances or customs of their local, national and regional communities, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.
Participation of the European Union in the work of the United Nations
1. In accordance with the present resolution, the representatives of the European Union, in order to present positions of the European Union and its member States as agreed by them, shall be:
(a) Allowed to be inscribed on the list of speakers among representatives of major groups, in order to make interventions;
(b) Invited to participate in the general debate of the General Assembly, taking into account the practice for participating observers;
(c) Permitted to have its communications relating to the sessions and work of the General Assembly and to the sessions and work of all international meetings and conferences convened under the auspices of the Assembly and of United Nations conferences, circulated directly, and without intermediary, as documents of the Assembly, meeting or conference;
(d) Also permitted to present proposals and amendments agreed by the member States of the European Union;
(e) Allowed to raise points of order but not to challenge decisions of the presiding officer;
(f) Also allowed to exercise the right of reply regarding positions of the European Union.
2. The representatives of the European Union shall be ensured seating among the observers.
3. The representatives of the European Union shall not have the right to vote or to put forward candidates.
4. A precursory explanation or recall of the present resolution will be made only once by the President of the General Assembly at the start of each session.